China is a great county. It is one of the largest and most developed countries globally; therefore, it is not surprising to see that this country has an extensive transportation system. Those who travel to China or order products from this country must have enough information about China’s transportation network. Then, they do not get confused for goods transportation. All businessmen and businesswomen in this country can use various freight forwarding ways such as airplanes, trains, and ships to send their packages out of China.
This article aims to talk about all matters in shipping from China to Indonesia. At the end of this article, you will have comprehensive information in this field!
A quick look at Indonesia
Before we start talking about shipping from China to Indonesia, it is better to have a quick look at this country. Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania, and it is the fourth most populous country in the world with the largest Muslim population in the world. Its capital is Jakarta, its religion is Islam, and its currency is Rupee.
New Guinea, Malaysia, East Timor, Australia, the Philippines, and Singapore are its neighbors. It was a Dutch colony until World War II, and Japan occupied it during World War II until it declared a republic in 1945. It became independent in 1949 after four years of war with the Netherlands.
Indonesia has a hot and humid climate with two dry and rainy seasons, with less rainfall in the dry season alone! In many parts of this country, such as Java and Bali, the dry season lasts from April to October, and the rainy season lasts from November to March.
The island of Sumatra in Indonesia is one of the world’s largest islands, and it mostly consists of plains and lowlands. Its rivers are short and watery, and its forests, which are often impenetrable, are vast. Its highest point is Carinthia Peak (3,800 meters).
On the whole, Indonesia is a semi-mountainous land. Its plains are mainly on the islands of Java and Sumatra. The small Sunda Islands (Nosatengara) and its forests are primarily to Borneo, New Guinea, and Sumatra.
Its climate is hot, humid, and rainy. The highest point is Jaya Peak, with a height of 029.5 meters. Its longest river is Barito (885 km), and Lake Tuba (500.2 km2) is its most expansive lake.
Shipping from China to Indonesia
There are two main ways for shipping from China to Indonesia that they are as the following:
In the following, we try to provide complete information in this field.
When to choose sea freight for shipping from China to Indonesia?!
This method of transportation still has an essential role in the transport of various goods. Because ships can carry a wide range of goods with different weights and sizes, they do not have any restrictions on the carriage of goods than planes and trucks. For the below situations, sea freight is the best:
- Very heavy
- The bad or awkward shape of goods
- Super large goods
- Goods are more than 200 kg
What are ports in China for shipping from China to Indonesia?
There are some essential ports in China for shipping from China to Indonesia that they are as the following:
What are ports in Indonesia for shipping from China to Indonesia?
Goods from China arrive at these sea ports in Indonesia:
- Belawan Sumatra
- Pulau Timor
- Bitung Pontianak
Why is Shenzhen an essential port for sea freight from shipping from China to Indonesia?
Shenzhen Port is one of the top seaports in China. The port of Shenzhen is located in the southern Pearl Delta in south China, adjacent to the Pacific Ocean. This port has a 260 km coastline and is 20 nautical miles from Hong Kong.
Shenzhen Port is located on the west coast of the city, and it has a great depth. This port is considered the most natural harbor in the world. The port has natural shelters for the storage of goods, and at the same time, large warehouses have been built inside it.
From 1979 to 2004, Shenzhen Port spent more than 30 billion Yuan on port infrastructure, and now it has 140 berths. There are 39 shipping companies in this port that have launched 131 international container routes.
There are 560 ships a month in Shenzhen Port and 21 supply lines to other ports in the Pearl River Delta. The Shoko Passenger Terminal provides sea services rapidly across the Pearl River Delta to Hong Kong, Macao, and Zhou.
The port is divided into two regions by the new areas and the Hong Kong Peninsula:
- East Port
- West Port
The western port is located in the east of Lingdingyang on the East Pearl River, and it includes a deep water port with safe natural havens.
This port is about 37.04 km from Hong Kong to the south and 111.12 km from Guangzhou to the north. As a result, the western port is connected to the Pearl River area, including cities and towns. The eastern part is located north of Daping Bay, and it is claimed to be the best natural harbor in southern China.
The economic and functional situation of Shenzhen port
As we mentioned, this port is a critical port for shipping from China to Indonesia. Shenzhen’s port accounts for about 17.3% of China’s total gross revenue, or about $ 34.5 billion. This port is China’s foreign investment hub, and it has raised more than $ 30 billion over the past two decades.
Shenzhen port also has many tourist attractions, and it tries to attract more tourists to this city by holding various exhibitions every year.
It has profitable potential growth due to its proximity to the Pearl Delta and the Port of Hong Kong. The Pearl River Delta is a region with abundant agricultural and industrial potential, the right place for large Western companies to invest. It is one of the four most important free trade zones in China.
How long does it take for shipping from China to Indonesia by sea?
On average, it takes nine to thirty days to receive the packages. Some factors influence this time. For example, the F.C.L. is faster than L.C.L. Then, if you choose the first one, you will receive the packages sooner.
Sea freight contracts from China to Indonesia
There are some rules that you, as s businessman and businesswoman, should know them. A contract of carriage by sea is a contract concluded between the parties. Under the contract of carriage by sea, one party undertakes to move the goods mentioned in the agreement from one country to another.
The sea contract is usually set in several copies, and these copies are distributed among the parties. Both parties must keep the agreement up to the end of the transportation by the sea.
Why is it important to conclude a shipping contract Sea freight from China to Indonesia?
As international regulations state, a shipping contract is a critical process in sea freight from China to Indonesia. Goods may break or damage while moving. Also, some goods have a time of consumption, and if they stay on the ship for a long time, they will spoil. There is also the possibility of missing and stealing goods. In some cases, the goods may be shipped to another port incorrectly or arrive much later than the recipient wants.
These are reasons that lead the parties to the contract to ensure the goods’ safety during shipping from China to Indonesia. These documents can guarantee any party’s possible to refer to litigation authorities in case of these problems. The use of these contracts will provide security for the parties during the transfer of goods. All this information is necessary for Rail freight transport VS Sea freight transport.
Types of shipping contracts in Sea freight from China to Indonesia
There are different sea freight contracts from China to Indonesia that they are explained in the rest of this article.
Ship rental contracts
One of the essential types of shipping contracts is the “ship rental contract.” It is a contract under which the company or the shipowner agrees with the other party to use the ship for cargo.
The term of this contract is limited. In conventional ship rental contracts, the crew and all the equipment inside the ship are given to the person or company renting it, and he/she must return everything to the owner safely after the end of the contract. If the landlord does not need a crew, this should be stated in the agreement.
Information such as the name of the ship, its specifications, capacity, cargo specifications, and its quantity, ports, and places of loading and unloading, rental rates, and payment methods, the time allowed for loading and unloading are mentioned in these contracts. These contracts are based on the specified time. This means that the ship may be rented for one or more trips or a specific period.
Bill of Lading
In this way, the ownership of goods on the sea is specified. Shipping companies conclude various bills of lading with the company, and they determine the conditions of the goods during the ocean.
Some features such as the carrier, the goods transported, the weight or volume of the shipment, the payment terms, the special handling instructions, the transport class of each package, and the rate and amount of the cargo are among the bill’s information of lading.
There have been some international regulations for sea freight since the 19th century, and gradually, the rules of the bill of lading have been determined.
It is usually stated in different laws that the bill of lading must be set in 3 copies. In this paper, the seller must deliver the carrier’s goods in proper conditions and packaging.
The carrier on the ship is obliged to have this bill of lading with him. In case of deduction of delivery or additional unloading or delay in delivering goods, the carrier is responsible. The carrier must also observe the following conditions before starting the transportation of goods:
- Preparing the ship for cargo operations
- Accurate calculation of sufficient fuel supply
- Preparing warehouses
- Cold storages
- Other cargo storage areas a plan for loading and unloading goods and transporting and unloading them
In many ports, a bill of lading is required to unload cargo. In international transport, the state customs are allowed to seize goods imported without a bill of lading in its favor.
Contracts with exceptional cases
In some cases, it is impossible to carry the desired cargo in the conventional shipping contract’s terms and conditions. For example, ordinary agreements cannot be used if the parties intend to lease the ship under certain conditions, such as increasing cargo or carrying dangerous goods such as chemicals or corrosives that require special permits. For these cases, outstanding contracts must be concluded in which these provisions are mentioned. For composite and multilateral agreements, such an agreement must be terminated between the parties.
It is very significant in ensuring the health of goods during the trip is insurance. Any goods that are legally transported must be insured. Usually, before the ship starts moving, the insurance contract is set by the owner of the goods, and in return, an amount is paid to the insurance company. In case of a threat to the goods’ health by any unintentional risk and proofed, the insurance company will pay according to the insurance contract’s provisions.
When it comes to sea freight, it is essential to choose F.C.L. and L.C.L., and you should have the necessary information in this field.
What is F.C.L.?
F.C.L. or full container load is a way to shipping packages by the ocean. The cargo of any size occupies a full container.
When is F.C.L. used?
This method can be used when the volume of our goods is the size of a container because, in this method, the cost of one square meter of cargo volume is less than the L.C.L. method, and it is suitable for goods that occupy the entire container.
What type of import is suitable for F.C.L. transportation?
- Suitable for investors
- Suitable for high volume goods (more than 20 cubic meters)
Difference between L.C.L. and F.C.L., Why is F.C.L. cheaper?
Because instead of paying for each C.B.M. (cubic meter), you pay for each container. The whole cargo belongs to a customer, and it has a customs license. The review is for one case only.
Why is F.C.L. more secure?
Because only the customer and the supplier of goods have access to this load, the container does not move at all.
Why is damage less likely in the F.C.L.?
Because the goods are not transported from inside the container, all contents inside the container belong to one buyer, and no other containers can be moved. This lack of displacement causes no damage to the goods.
What is L.C.L.?
L.C.L. or less than container load is the best when the packages are not occupied all the containers, and there are not many packages. It can be said that goods with a volume of less than one container, which belong to different buyers, are jointly placed in one container next.
What type of import is suitable for L.C.L. transportation?
- Suitable for start-up
- For beginners
- Carry sample load
- Partial import
How does the L.C.L. process work?
- First, you will be contacted by the supplier of your goods in the country you are considering.
- Necessary coordination is done.
- After your goods are packed and ready, they will be sent to the port of origin.
- The carrier ship is selected according to the desired conditions.
- Send goods documents to the carrier company
- Guide the container from the ship to the dock
- Loading goods at the dock
- Navigate to the destination port
L.C.L. and F.C.L. difference: Shipping cost in L.C.L.
For calculating the cost of transporting goods in this method, the most critical issue is to calculate the volume occupied by the goods. In this transport, C.B.M. is the unit of volume of goods (Per square meter = one C.B.M.).
Note: If your product has a low volume and high weight, the calculation method will be different.
Some differences between L.C.L. and F.C.L.
- Calculation of the weight of goods in L.C.L.: each C.B.M. is one cubic meter.
- Calculation of the weight of the goods in the F.C.L.: Calculated based on each container.
- In the L.C.L. method, upon clearance, your goods are taken out of the shared container, and the packages are opened and sent to you in cartons.
- In the F.C.L. method, your packages will not be opened and will be delivered to you precisely as they were originally packaged.
- In L.C.L., your goods are placed in a truck to be delivered to you. At this time, you can use the elevator to put your goods on the ground.
- In F.C.L., goods are placed in a container and placed in the back of the truck. If your cargo is packed as a pallet when you pack, you can move it with a lift.
- Affordable for small L.C.L. shipments.
- Cost-effective for large FCL shipments.
- At F.C.L., you also have to pay for the container in addition to the product’s cost. But this is not the case in L.C.L.
- Generally, in L.C.L., you only pay for the space occupied in the container, but in F.C.L., you have to pay for a container’s total capacity.
Airfreight for shipping from China to Indonesia
Many people think that air freight from China to Indonesia is very much more expensive than sea freight!
It may cost a bit pricey, but this way has the excellent advantages that must be considered. These advantages are
- High speed
- Easy tracking
- High security
- Light packaging
- Low insurance
Other advantages of air cargo for shipping from China to Indonesia
- Transit cargo to all parts of the country and the world
- Cooperation with most freight and airline companies
- Enjoy high speed in intercity service and transportation
- Provide door-to-door service
- Calculate the cost of cargo based on the weight and size of the goods, which saves costs
- Inquire about the status of the load via SMS and email
What package size is vital for air freight from China to Indonesia?
If you want to choose this way, it is essential to know all the detailed information. Air cargo are ideal methods for these conditions:
- When goods are under 200 kg
- When goods aren’t in bad shape
It is better to remember air freight is not suitable for super large cargo. In airfreight, goods can transport in the Express or Classic method. In Express, all goods arrive between 1 to 3 business days at the destination, but it takes 4 to 8 business days in a second way.
Airports in China for shipping from China to Indonesia!
Many people prefer to use air freight for shipping from China to Indonesia, and as we mentioned, it depends on the situation for choosing this freight forwarding method. There are 20 international airports in Indonesia that they are connected to Chinese airports. Airports from China to Indonesia are as the following:
Airports in Indonesia for shipping from China to Indonesia!
All packages for shipping from China to Indonesia arrive at:
- Denpasar Bali
How long does it take for shipping from China to Indonesia by air?
By airplane, it usually takes 13 hours from China to Indonesia. But it needs the transit time; then, it takes four to nine business days to receive packages.
Airlines for shipping from China to Indonesia
The airlines that operate shipping from China to Indonesia are as below:
- China Cargo Airlines
- China Southern Airlines
- China Eastern Airlines
- Hong Kong Airlines
Different Types of air cargo from China to Indonesia!
The type of air transit is determined based on three critical factors:
- Volume of goods
- Delivery time
However, it is better to know that none of them is superior to the other. In other words, it can be said that each of them is used depending on the needs of individuals and provides the possibility of easy movement of goods or passengers.
In principle, you should choose the best option for transporting your goods by knowing these methods’ characteristics!
Besides, the costs and value of goods transported, their size and weight should be evaluated; therefore, if the product is gold or banknotes, you should choose the safest air transportation method.
- Charter flight (both passengers and goods)
- Commercial flight
Dangerous goods by air cargo
There is some limitation on air freight. Dangerous goods are items and materials that endanger the health of the aircraft. Carrying such things must be based on the guidelines of the “International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)” and the “Association of Airlines (IATA).”
Hazardous materials and goods must be packed according to unique and international conditions and rules of airfreight. This packaging must be of high quality and with a safe structure to prevent leakage in the conditions of temperature humidity changes, pressure, and vibration.
Each package must have a suitable label, a relevant logo, and it must have symbols such as:
- The international number for hazardous substances U.N. number
- Businesses are requesting for transporting of dangerous goods and D.G.R.
The customer is obliged to provide the following international documents for the freight forwarder for dangerous goods by airfreight:
- Certificate for the safe transport of goods
- Certificate of origin
- Material safety data sheet
Customs clearance for shipping from China to Indonesia!
For shipping from China to Indonesia, It is better to be familiar with the Harmonized System (H.S. code). It is an internationally standardized system of names and numbers that classify traded products to determine the traffic barriers.
This code is significant because it is the identification number attributed to goods. If you don’t have such a number, you must go to the Find H.S. Code website.
There is a Free Trade Area (ACFTA) between China and Indonesia, and it cuts off tariff barriers on 90% of goods between these two countries.
One important document that you, as a businessman or businesswoman, need for shipping from China to Indonesia is a customs declaration. Other conventional shipping documents from China to Indonesia include:
- Bill of Lading
- Pro Forma Invoice
- Invoice (Commercial Invoice)
- Certificate of Origin
- Packing List
- Test or Inspection Certificate
- Insurance Policy
What is customs declaration?
Customs declaration is required for customs clearance. Customs declaration, in the process of clearance of goods, is a legal obligation that it shows the declarant’s responsibility to enter or leave goods.
A customs declaration is to announce the imported and exported goods formally to customs. In customs clearance, the owner of the goods first declares his/her goods, which means that the customs do not know what the consignment and package of the owner of the goods is? In the first stage, the owner of the goods wants to introduce it.
The customs will review the declarations, and if there is no problem in the declarations and the number, nature, and value of the goods are under the declaration, the goods clearance becomes possible. According to regulations, the acceptance of goods in warehouses and customs places and clearance of goods is possible when the customs declaration has been submitted to the customs.
The customs declaration is prepared by the owner of the goods or his representative or customs broker. The owner of the goods can prepare the customs declaration in person or through his legal representative. On the other hand, the customs administration has allowed the customs broker to clear the goods on behalf of third parties.
The owner of the goods or his/her representative or customs broker must prepare the customs declaration in two copies with the date and signature attached to the purchase list (invoice), certificate of origin, bank documents, pre-invoice, billing list, and other permits to be delivered to the customs office.
What are the steps for completing a customs declaration for shipping from China to Indonesia?
For preparing a customs declaration, information must be entered in the first stage. The company that imports the goods calculate and enters the goods information and the value of the goods. The customs declaration must then be accepted, after which it reaches the stage of customs control, and the assessor checks all the items and, if approved, signs the declaration and delivers it to the relevant expert.
Finally, if the receipt is approved with the system’s amount, the cashier will confirm the customs license, and the clearance and payment permit will be issued. If an imported or exported consignment is declared somewhere and the declarations do not match the consignment contents, the customs will impose a fine according to the difference between the declaration and the consignment. In cases where the declarant of goods generally uses other tariffs to pay fewer duties, he/she will face heavy fines.
What is the bill of landing for shipping from China to Indonesia?
There are two bills of landing from China to Indonesia that they are as the following:
- Sea bill of landing
- Air bill of landing
Sea bill of landing for shipping from China to Indonesia
A sea bill of lading is a document issued by a shipping company or its representative in exchange for receiving goods for shipment.
If the bill of lading has been issued as a receipt for RECEIVED FOR SHIPMENT, it indicates the goods’ receipt by the relevant shipping company, but it does not show the goods’ definite shipment. The bill of lading is called ON BOARD.
In the bill of lading, all shipping conditions and cargo specifications are stated that they are as the following:
- Weight, volume
- Type of goods
- Number of packages (shipments)
- The name of the port of origin
- Destination port
- Name of the ship plus the date of shipment
If the freight is paid at the origin, the phrase (FREIGHT PAID) and the phrase (FREIGHT COLLECT) or (FREIGHT TO BE PAID AT DESTINATION) are mentioned in the bill of lading.
Air bill of landing for shipping from China to Indonesia!
The bill of lading, called “AIR WAYBILL or AIR CONSIGNMENT NOTE” or “AIR FREIGHT NOTE,” is usually issued in 12 copies, 3 of which are commercially important and the rest copies are for the airline interior.
The three main versions are:
- First original version for carrier or exporter (FOR CARRIER)
- The second original version for the recipient of goods (FOR CONSIGNEE)
- The third original version for the shipper (FOR SHIPPER)
The air bill of lading is only a receipt, and it is not a negotiable document or a document of ownership of the goods. Therefore, after receiving the bill of lading, the beneficiary of the goods refers to the airline and then submits it to the airline.
After delivering the goods to the airline and receiving the third copy of the bill of lading, the sender of the goods can refer to the airline until he/she delivers it to the recipient bank and asks them to change the recipient’s name and address or return the goods.
Door to door shipping from China to Indonesia!
Door to door shipping service from China to Indonesia is a unique way to transport packages. All you do is go to the company, sign a contract with a freight forwarder, and pay the fee. In this contract, based on your situation, you choose one of these ways mentioned in previous sections to transport goods. Then, all affairs are done by the freight forwarder. She/he is responsible for delivering the packages to the mentioned destination in the contract.
Door to door shipping service from China to Indonesia includes these steps:
- Prepare the transport documents
- Handle the custom clearance
- Do the freight forwarding by the air or the sea
- Deliver the packages to the final destination
How much does it cost shipping from China to Indonesia?
It is an essential question that almost every person who wants to ship from China asks. It is better to know that the exact answer to this question is not possible. Because the price depends on various factors such as:
- The way for shipping (by air or sea, if by air classic or Express, if by air or sea door to door or any other services)
- The nature of goods
- The weight of goods
Therefore, if you want to know the exact price, it is better to consult with a reliable freight forwarder.
Rail transport for shipping from China to Indonesia
Some news indicates that in 2021, this county will have a high-speed rail, and rail transport will be another way for shipping from China to Indonesia, and it creates some great changes in this country.
In this article, we tried to cover all important and necessary information for shipping from China to Indonesia. It is better before start shipping from China to Indonesia, at first, try to collect some general information and then specific information about that country. Besides, you can consult with professional companies in this field!
If you need an impressive rate and competitive offer for Door to Door Rail and Trucking service from China to European countries, please contact our Sale Team.
It depends on many factors such as the way of shipping, the weight and the nature of goods. but generally, the sea freight is cheaper than air freight!